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After single and multiple oral doses in healthy subjects or in patients generic 150mg roxithromycin bacteria background, peak plasma drug levels (Cmax) occur within 1 hour (Tmax) generic roxithromycin 150 mg fast delivery bacteria encyclopedia. Repaglinide is rapidly eliminated from the blood stream with a half-life of approximately 1 hour cheap 150 mg roxithromycin visa human eye antibiotics for dogs. When repaglinide was given with food cheap roxithromycin 150mg online antibiotics for acne in south africa, the mean Tmax was not changed, but the mean Cmax and AUC (area under the time/plasma concentration curve) were decreased 20% and 12. After intravenous (IV) dosing in healthy subjects, the volume of distribution at steady state (Vss) was 31 L, and the total body clearance (CL) was 38 L/h. Protein binding and binding to human serum albumin was greater than 98%. Repaglinide is completely metabolized by oxidative biotransformation and direct conjugation with glucuronic acid after either an IV or oral dose. The major metabolites are an oxidized dicarboxylic acid (M2), the aromatic amine (M1), and the acyl glucuronide (M7). The cytochrome P-450 enzyme system, specifically 2C8 and 3A4, have been shown to be involved in the N-dealkylation of repaglinide to M2 and the further oxidation to M1. Metabolites do not contribute to the glucose-lowering effect of repaglinide. Within 96 hours after dosing with 14C-repaglinide as a single, oral dose, approximately 90% of the radiolabel was recovered in the feces and approximately 8% in the urine. The major metabolite (M2) accounted for 60% of the administered dose. The pharmacokinetic parameters of repaglinide obtained from a single-dose, crossover study in healthy subjects and from a multiple-dose, parallel, dose-proportionality (0. Clearance of oral repaglinide did not change over the 0. The intra-individual and inter-individual coefficients of variation were 36% and 69%, respectively. AUC over the therapeutic dose range included 69 to 1005 ng/mL*hr, but AUC exposure up to 5417 ng/mL*hr was reached in dose escalation studies without apparent adverse consequences. Healthy volunteers were treated with a regimen of 2 mg taken before each of 3 meals. There were no significant differences in repaglinide pharmacokinetics between the group of patients80 mL/min), mild to moderate renal function impairment (CrCl = 40 - 80 mL/min), and severe renal function impairment (CrCl = 20 - 40 mL/min). Both AUC and Cmax of repaglinide were similar in patients with normal and mild to moderately impaired renal function (mean values 56. Initial dose adjustment does not appear to be necessary for patients with mild to moderate renal dysfunction. However, patients with type 2 diabetes who have severe renal function impairment should initiate Prandin therapy with the 0. Studies were not conducted in patients with creatinine clearances below 20 mL/min or patients with renal failure requiring hemodialysis. A single-dose, open-label study was conducted in 12 healthy subjects and 12 patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) classified by Child-Pugh scale and caffeine clearance. Patients with moderate to severe impairment of liver function had higher and more prolonged serum concentrations of both total and unbound repaglinide than healthy subjects (AUChealthy: 91. AUC was statistically correlated with caffeine clearance. No difference in glucose profiles was observed across patient groups. Patients with impaired liver function may be exposed to higher concentrations of repaglinide and its associated metabolites than would patients with normal liver function receiving usual doses. Therefore, Prandin should be used cautiously in patients with impaired liver function. Longer intervals between dose adjustments should be utilized to allow full assessment of response. A four-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled dose-response trial was conducted in 138 patients with type 2 diabetes using doses ranging from 0. Prandin therapy resulted in dose-proportional glucose lowering over the full dose range. Plasma insulin levels increased after meals and reverted toward baseline before the next meal. Most of the fasting blood glucose-lowering effect was demonstrated within 1-2 weeks. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, 3-month dose titration study, Prandin or placebo doses for each patient were increased weekly from 0. The efficacy of 1 and 4 mg preprandial doses was demonstrated by lowering of fasting blood glucose and by HbA1c at the end of the study. HbA1c for the Prandin- treated groups (1 and 4 mg groups combined) at the end of the study was decreased compared to the placebo-treated group in previously nas_ve patients and in patients previously treated with oral hypoglycemic agents by 2. In this fixed-dose trial, patients who were nas_ve to oral hypoglycemic agent therapy and patients in relatively good glycemic control at baseline (HbA1c below 8%) showed greater blood glucose-lowering including a higher frequency of hypoglycemia. Patients who were previously treated and who had baseline HbA1c ?-U 8% reported hypoglycemia at the same rate as patients randomized to placebo. There was no average gain in body weight when patients previously treated with oral hypoglycemic agents were switched to Prandin. The average weight gain in patients treated with Prandin and not previously treated with sulfonylurea drugs was 3. The dosing of Prandin relative to meal-related insulin release was studied in three trials including 58 patients. Glycemic control was maintained during a period in which the meal and dosing pattern was varied (2, 3 or 4 meals per day; before meals x 2, 3, or 4) compared with a period of 3 regular meals and 3 doses per day (before meals x 3). It was also shown that Prandin can be administered at the start of a meal, 15 minutes before, or 30 minutes before the meal with the same blood glucose-lowering effect. Prandin was compared to other insulin secretagogues in 1-year controlled trials to demonstrate comparability of efficacy and safety. Hypoglycemia was reported in 16% of 1228 Prandin patients, 20% of 417 glyburide patients, and 19% of 81 glipizide patients. Of Prandin-treated patients with symptomatic hypoglycemia, none developed coma or required hospitalization. Prandin was studied in combination with metformin in 83 patients not satisfactorily controlled on exercise, diet, and metformin alone. Prandin dosage was titrated for 4 to 8 weeks, followed by a 3-month maintenance period. Combination therapy with Prandin and metformin resulted in significantly greater improvement in glycemic control as compared to repaglinide or metformin monotherapy. HbA1c was improved by 1% unit and FPG decreased by an additional 35 mg/dL. In this study where metformin dosage was kept constant, the combination therapy of Prandin and metformin showed dose-sparing effects with respect to Prandin. The greater efficacy response of the combination group was achieved at a lower daily repaglinide dosage than in the Prandin monotherapy group (see Table). Prandin and Metformin Therapy: Mean Changes from Baseline in Glycemic Parameters and Weight After 4 to 5 Months of Treatment*7. Numbers of patients treated were: Prandin (N = 61), pioglitazone (N = 62), combination (N = 123). Prandin dosage was titrated during the first 12 weeks, followed by a 12-week maintenance period. Combination therapy resulted in significantly greater improvement in glycemic control as compared to monotherapy (figure below). The changes from baseline for completers in FPG (mg/dL) and HbA1c (%), respectively were: -39.
Drug-Laboratory Test InteractionsZolpidem is not known to interfere with commonly employed clinical laboratory tests discount roxithromycin 150mg without prescription antimicrobial keratolytic follicular flushing. In addition buy 150mg roxithromycin overnight delivery bacteria mod 179, clinical data indicate that Zolpidem does not cross-react with benzodiazepines order roxithromycin 150mg without a prescription infection you get from the hospital, opiates buy 150mg roxithromycin with visa antibiotic for uti gram negative rods, barbiturates, cocaine, cannabinoids, or amphetamines in two standard urine drug screens. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Zolpidem tartrate tablets should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit outweighs the potential risk to the fetus. Oral studies of Zolpidem in pregnant rats and rabbits showed adverse effects on the development of offspring only at doses greater than the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD of 10 mg/day). A teratogenic effect was not observed in these studies. Administration to pregnant rats during the period of organogenesis produced dose-related maternal toxicity and decreases in fetal skull ossification at doses 25 to 125 times the MRHD. The no-effect dose for embryo-fetal toxicity was between 4 and 5 times the MRHD. Treatment of pregnant rabbits during organogenesis resulted in maternal toxicity at all doses studied and increased post-implantation embryo-fetal loss and under-ossification of fetal sternebrae at the highest dose (over 35 times the MRHD). The no-effect level for embryo-fetal toxicity was between 9 and 10 times the MRHD. Administration to rats during the latter part of pregnancy and throughout lactation produced maternal toxicity and decreased pup growth and survival at doses approximately 25 to 125 times the MRHD. The no-effect dose for offspring toxicity was between 4 and 5 times the MRHD. Studies to assess the effects on children whose mothers took Zolpidem during pregnancy have not been conducted. There is a published case report documenting the presence of Zolpidem in human umbilical cord blood. Children born of mothers taking sedative/hypnotic drugs may be at some risk for withdrawal symptoms from the drug during the postnatal period. In addition, neonatal flaccidity has been reported in infants born of mothers who received sedative/hypnotic drugs during pregnancy. Zolpidem tartrate tablets have no established use in labor and delivery (see Pregnancy ). Studies in lactating mothers indicate that the half-life of Zolpidem is similar to that in young normal subjects (2. The effect of Zolpidem on the nursing infant is not known. Caution should be exercised when Zolpidem tartrate tablets are administered to a nursing mother. Safety and effectiveness of Zolpidem have not been established in pediatric patients. In an 8 week controlled study, 201 pediatric patients (aged 6 to 17 years) with insomnia associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (90% of the patients were using psychoanaleptics) were treated with an oral solution of Zolpidem (n = 136), or placebo (n = 65). Zolpidem did not significantly decrease latency to persistent sleep, compared to placebo, as measured by polysomnography after 4 weeks of treatment. Psychiatric and nervous system disorders comprised the most frequent (> 5%) treatment emergent adverse reactions observed with Zolpidem versus placebo and included dizziness (23. Of these 28 patients, 23 (82%) were receiving Zolpidem doses > 10 mg. Of these 18 patients, 14 (78%) were receiving Zolpidem doses > 10 mg. The dose of Zolpidem tartrate tablets in elderly patients is 5 mg to minimize adverse effects related to impaired motor and/or cognitive performance and unusual sensitivity to sedative/hypnotic drugs (see Warnings and Precautions ). Zolpidem tartrate is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance by federal regulation. Abuse and addiction are separate and distinct from physical dependence and tolerance. Abuse is characterized by misuse of the drug for non-medical purposes, often in combination with other psychoactive substances. Tolerance is a state of adaptation in which exposure to a drug induces changes that result in a diminution of one or more of the drug effects over time. Tolerance may occur to both desired and undesired effects of drugs and may develop at different rates for different effects. Addiction is a primary, chronic, neurobiological disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. It is characterized by behaviors that include one or more of the following: impaired control over drug use, compulsive use, continued use despite harm, and craving. Drug addiction is a treatable disease, using a multidisciplinary approach, but relapse is common. Studies of abuse potential in former drug abusers found that the effects of single doses of Zolpidem tartrate tablets 40 mg were similar, but not identical, to diazepam 20 mg, while Zolpidem tartrate 10 mg was difficult to distinguish from placebo. Because persons with a history of addiction to, or abuse of, drugs or alcohol are at increased risk for misuse, abuse and addiction of Zolpidem, they should be monitored carefully when receiving Zolpidem or any other hypnotic. Physical dependence is a state of adaptation that is manifested by a specific withdrawal syndrome that can be produced by abrupt cessation, rapid dose reduction, decreasing blood level of the drug, and/or administration of an antagonist. Sedative/hypnotics have produced withdrawal signs and symptoms following abrupt discontinuation. These reported symptoms range from mild dysphoria and insomnia to a withdrawal syndrome that may include abdominal and muscle cramps, vomiting, sweating, tremors, and convulsions. The following adverse events which are considered to meet the DSM-III-R criteria for uncomplicated sedative/hypnotic withdrawal were reported during U. These reported adverse events occurred at an incidence of 1% or less. However, available data cannot provide a reliable estimate of the incidence, if any, of dependence during treatment at recommended doses. Postmarketing reports of abuse, dependence and withdrawal have been received. In postmarketing experience of overdose with Zolpidem alone, or in combination with CNS-depressant agents, impairment of consciousness ranging from somnolence to coma, cardiovascular and/or respiratory compromise, and fatal outcomes have been reported. General symptomatic and supportive measures should be used along with immediate gastric lavage where appropriate. Intravenous fluids should be administered as needed. As in all cases of drug overdose, respiration, pulse, blood pressure, and other appropriate signs should be monitored and general supportive measures employed. Hypotension and CNS depression should be monitored and treated by appropriate medical intervention. Sedating drugs should be withheld following Zolpidem overdosage, even if excitation occurs. The value of dialysis in the treatment of overdosage has not been determined, although hemodialysis studies in patients with renal failure receiving therapeutic doses have demonstrated that Zolpidem is not dialyzable. As with the management of all overdosage, the possibility of multiple drug ingestion should be considered. The physician may wish to consider contacting a poison control center for up-to-date information on the management of hypnotic drug product overdosage.
Quetiapine caused a dose-related increase in pigment deposition in thyroid gland in rat toxicity studies which were 4 weeks in duration or longer and in a mouse 2 year carcinogenicity study generic roxithromycin 150mg visa antibiotics kill candida. Doses were 10-250 mg/kg in rats generic 150mg roxithromycin overnight delivery antibiotics for acne doryx, 75-750 mg/kg in mice roxithromycin 150 mg cheap virus game; these doses are 0 buy roxithromycin 150 mg on-line antibiotic not working for uti. Pigment deposition was shown to be irreversible in rats. The identity of the pigment could not be determined, but was found to be co-localized with quetiapine in thyroid gland follicular epithelial cells. The functional effects and the relevance of this finding to human risk are unknown. In dogs receiving quetiapine for 6 or 12 months, but not for 1 month, focal triangular cataracts occurred at the junction of posterior sutures in the outer cortex of the lens at a dose of 100 mg/kg, or 4 times the maximum recommended human dose on a mg/m b basis. This finding may be due to inhibition of cholesterol biosynthesis by quetiapine. Quetiapine caused a dose related reduction in plasma cholesterol levels in repeat-dose dog and monkey studies; however, there was no correlation between plasma cholesterol and the presence of cataracts in individual dogs. The appearance of delta-8-cholestanol in plasma is consistent with inhibition of a late stage in cholesterol biosynthesis in these species. There also was a 25% reduction in cholesterol content of the outer cortex of the lens observed in a special study in quetiapine treated female dogs. Drug-related cataracts have not been seen in any other species; however, in a 1-year study in monkeys, a striated appearance of the anterior lens surface was detected in 2/7 females at a dose of 225 mg/kg or 5. The efficacy of SEROQUEL for the treatment of depressive episodes associated with bipolar disorder was established in 2 identical 8-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies (N=1045). These studies included patients with either bipolar I or II disorder and those with or without a rapid cycling course. Patients randomized to SEROQUEL were administered fixed doses of either 300 mg or 600 mg once daily. The primary rating instrument used to assess depressive symptoms in these studies was the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), a 10 item clinician-rated scale with scores ranging from 0 to 60. The primary endpoint in both studies was the change from baseline in MADRS score at week 8. In both studies, SEROQUEL was superior to placebo in reduction of MADRS score. Improvement in symptoms, as measured by change in MADRS score relative to placebo, was seen in both studies at Day 8 (week 1) and onwards. In these studies, no additional benefit was seen with the 600 mg dose. For the 300 mg dose group, statistically significant improvements over placebo were seen in overall quality of life and satisfaction related to various areas of functioning, as measured using the Q-LES-Q(SF). The efficacy of SEROQUEL in the treatment of acute manic episodes was established in 3 placebo-controlled trials in patients who met DSM-IV criteria for Bipolar I disorder with manic episodes. These trials included patients with or without psychotic features and excluded patients with rapid cycling and mixed episodes. Of these trials, 2 were monotherapy (12 weeks) and 1 was adjunct therapy (3 weeks) to either lithium or divalproex. Key outcomes in these trials were change from baseline in the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) score at 3 and 12 weeks for monotherapy and at 3 weeks for adjunct therapy. Adjunct therapy is defined as the simultaneous initiation or subsequent administration of SEROQUEL with lithium or divalproex. The primary rating instrument used for assessing manic symptoms in these trials was YMRS, an 11-item clinician-rated scale traditionally used to assess the degree of manic symptomatology (irritability, disruptive/aggressive behavior, sleep, elevated mood, speech, increased activity, sexual interest, language/thought disorder, thought content, appearance, and insight) in a range from 0 (no manic features) to 60 (maximum score). The results of the trials follow:The efficacy of SEROQUEL in the treatment of bipolar maintenance was established in 2 placebo-controlled trials. In two 12-week trials (n=300, n=299) comparing SEROQUEL to placebo, SEROQUEL was superior to placebo in the reduction of the YMRS total score at weeks 3 and 12. The majority of patients in these trials taking SEROQUEL were dosed in a range between 400 and 800 mg per day. In this 3-week placebo-controlled trial, 170 patients with acute bipolar mania (YMRS ?-U 20) were randomized to receive SEROQUEL or placebo as adjunct treatment to lithium or divalproex. Patients may or may not have received an adequate treatment course of lithium or divalproex prior to randomization. SEROQUEL was superior to placebo when added to lithium or divalproex alone in the reduction of YMRS total score. The majority of patients in this trial taking SEROQUEL were dosed in a range between 400 and 800 mg per day. In a similarly designed trial (n=200), SEROQUEL was associated with an improvement in YMRS scores but did not demonstrate superiority to placebo, possibly due to a higher placebo effect. The efficacy of SEROQUEL in the maintenance treatment of Bipolar I Disorder was established in 2 placebo-controlled trials in patients (n=1326) who met DSM-IV criteria for Bipolar I Disorder. The trials included patients whose most recent episode was manic, depressed, or mixed, with or without psychotic features. In the open-label phase, patients were required to be stable on SEROQUEL plus lithium or divalproex for at least 12 weeks in order to be randomized. In the randomization phase, patients continued treatment with lithium or divalproex and were randomized to receive either SEROQUEL (administered twice daily totalling 400 to 800 mg per day) or placebo. Approximately 50% of the patients had discontinued from the SEROQUEL group by day 280 and 50% of the placebo group had discontinued by day 117 of double-blind treatment. The primary endpoint in these studies was time to recurrence of a mood event (manic, mixed or depressed episode). A mood event was defined as medication initiation or hospitalization for a mood episode; YMRS score ?-U 20 or MADRS score ?-U 20 at 2 consecutive assessments,; or study discontinuation due to a mood event. In both studies, SEROQUEL was superior to placebo in increasing the time to recurrence of any mood event. The treatment effect was present for both manic and depressed episodes. The effect of SEROQUEL was independent of any specific subgroup (assigned mood stabilizer, sex, age, race, most recent bipolar episode, or rapid cycling course). The efficacy of SEROQUEL in the treatment of schizophrenia was established in 3 short-term (6-week) controlled trials of inpatients with schizophrenia who met DSM III-R criteria for schizophrenia. Although a single fixed dose haloperidol arm was included as a comparative treatment in one of the three trials, this single haloperidol dose group was inadequate to provide a reliable and valid comparison of SEROQUEL and haloperidol. Several instruments were used for assessing psychiatric signs and symptoms in these studies, among them the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), a multi-item inventory of general psychopathology traditionally used to evaluate the effects of drug treatment in schizophrenia. The BPRS psychosis cluster (conceptual disorganization, hallucinatory behavior, suspiciousness, and unusual thought content) is considered a particularly useful subset for assessing actively psychotic schizophrenic patients. A second traditional assessment, the Clinical Global Impression (CGI), reflects the impression of a skilled observer, fully familiar with the manifestations of schizophrenia, about the overall clinical state of the patient. In addition, the Scale for Assessing Negative Symptoms (SANS), a more recently developed but less well evaluated scale, was employed for assessing negative symptoms. In a 6-week, placebo-controlled trial (n=361) involving 5 fixed doses of SEROQUEL (75, 150, 300, 600 and 750 mg/day on a tid schedule), the 4 highest doses of SEROQUEL were generally superior to placebo on the BPRS total score, the BPRS psychosis cluster and the CGI severity score, with the maximal effect seen at 300 mg/day, and the effects of doses of 150 to 750 mg/day were generally indistinguishable. SEROQUEL, at a dose of 300 mg/day, was superior to placebo on the SANS. In a 6-week, placebo-controlled trial (n=286) involving titration of SEROQUEL in high (up to 750 mg/day on a tid schedule) and low (up to 250 mg/day on a tid schedule) doses, only the high dose SEROQUEL group (mean dose, 500 mg/day) was generally superior to placebo on the BPRS total score, the BPRS psychosis cluster, the CGI severity score, and the SANS. In a 6-week dose and dose regimen comparison trial (n=618) involving two fixed doses of SEROQUEL (450 mg/day on both bid and tid schedules and 50 mg/day on a bid schedule), only the 450 mg/day (225 mg bid schedule) dose group was generally superior to the 50 mg/day (25 mg bid) SEROQUEL dose group on the BPRS total score, the BPRS psychosis cluster, the CGI severity score, and on the SANS. Examination of population subsets (race, gender, and age) did not reveal any differential responsiveness on the basis of race or gender, with an apparently greater effect in patients under the age of 40 compared to those older than 40.
Whole grain starches are healthier because they have more vitamins buy discount roxithromycin 150 mg on-line antibiotic eye drops for conjunctivitis, minerals order roxithromycin 150 mg online bacteria fighting drug, and fiber cheap roxithromycin 150mg on line antibiotics for acne and ibs. Eating starches is healthy for everyone purchase roxithromycin 150mg with visa antibiotics wiki, including people with diabetes. Examples of starches areIf your plan includes more than one serving at a meal, you can choose different starches or have several servings of one starch. How many servings of grains, cereals, pasta, and starchy vegetables (starches) do you now eat each day? I will eat this many servings of starches atA diabetes teacher can help you with your meal plan. Eat fewer fried and high-fat starches such as regular tortilla chips and potato chips, french fries, pastries, or biscuits. Try pretzels, fat-free popcorn, baked tortilla chips or potato chips, baked potatoes, or low-fat muffins. Use low-fat or fat-free plain yogurt or fat-free sour cream instead of regular sour cream on a baked potato. Use low-fat or fat-free substitutes such as low-fat mayonnaise or light margarine on bread, rolls, or toast. Eat cereal with fat-free (skim) or low-fat (1%) milk. Examples of vegetables areIf your plan includes more than one serving at a meal, you can choose several types of vegetables or have two or three servings of one vegetable. How many servings of vegetables do you now eat each day? I will eat this many servings of vegetables atWhat are healthy ways to eat vegetables? Eat raw and cooked vegetables with little or no fat, sauces, or dressings. Try low-fat or fat-free salad dressing on raw vegetables or salads. Add a small piece of lean ham or smoked turkey instead of fat to vegetables when cooking. If you do use a small amount of fat, use canola oil, olive oil, or soft margarines (liquid or tub types) instead of fat from meat, butter, or shortening. Fruits provide carbohydrate, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Examples of fruits includeIf your plan includes more than one serving at a meal, you can choose different types of fruit or have several servings of one fruit. I will eat this many servings of fruit atEat fruits raw or cooked, as juice with no sugar added, canned in their own juice, or dried. Save high-sugar and high-fat fruit desserts such as peach cobbler or cherry pie for special occasions. Milk provides carbohydrate, protein, calcium, vitamins, and minerals. Note: If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, have four to five servings of milk each day. I will have this many servings of milk atDrink fat-free (skim) or low-fat (1%) milk. Eat low-fat or fat-free fruit yogurt sweetened with a low-calorie sweetener. Use low-fat plain yogurt as a substitute for sour cream. The meat and meat substitutes group includes meat, poultry, eggs, cheese, fish, and tofu. Meat and meat substitutes provide protein, vitamins, and minerals. Examples of meat and meat substitutes includecanned tuna or other fishHow much is a serving of meat and meat substitutes? Examples of 1-ounce serving:Examples of 2-ounce serving:Examples of 3-ounce serving:How many ounces of meat and meat substitutes do you now eat each day? I eat _____ ounces of meat and meat substitutes each day. I will eat _____ ounces of meat and meat substitutes each day. I will eat this many ounces of meat and meat substitutes atWhat are healthy ways to eat meat and meat substitutes? Buy cuts of beef, pork, ham, and lamb that have only a little fat on them. Cook meat and meat substitutes in low-fat ways:To add more flavor, use vinegars, lemon juice, soy sauce, salsa, ketchup, barbecue sauce, herbs, and spices. Limit the amount of nuts, peanut butter, and fried foods you eat. Fats and sweets are not as nutritious as other foods. Some contain saturated fats, trans fats, and cholesterol that increase your risk of heart disease. Limiting these foods will help you lose weight and keep your blood glucose and blood fats under control. Examples of fats includeExamples of sweets includeTry having sugar-free popsicles, diet soda, fat-free ice cream or frozen yogurt, or sugar-free hot cocoa mix. Order small or child-size servings of ice cream or frozen yogurt. Divide homemade desserts into small servings and wrap each individually. Remember, fat-free and low-sugar foods still have calories. Talk with your diabetes teacher about how to fit sweets into your meal plan. If you have alcoholic drinks on an empty stomach, they can make your blood glucose level go too low. If you want to have alcoholic drinks, talk with your doctor or diabetes teacher about how much to have. To make sure your food servings are the right size, you can useOr you can use the guide below. Also, the Nutrition Facts label on food packages tells you how much of that food is in one serving. Tips on what to do include the following:Check your blood glucose level every 4 hours. Eat or drink something with sugar in it if you have trouble keeping food down, because you still need calories. In people with type 1 diabetes, when blood glucose is high, the body produces ketones. Glucose monitoring helps people with diabetes manage the disease and avoid its associated problems. A person can use the results of glucose monitoring to make decisions about food, physical activity, and medications. People with diabetes typically use a lancing device to obtain a blood sample and a glucose meter to measure the glucose level in the sample. Many types of glucose meters are available, and all are accurate and reliable if used properly. Some meters use a blood sample from a less sensitive area than the fingertip, such as the upper arm, forearm, or thigh.
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